EROSÃO EM ESTRADA DE TERRA, NO CAMPO DE INSTRUÇÃO DE SANTA MARIA (CISM)
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Erosion is a natural geological phenomenon that occurs in the upper layers of the Earth, but can be accelerated by man especially when used improperly. A large loss of soil by erosion occurs on the dirt roads that was diagnosed in the Campo de Instrução de Santa Maria (CISM) where training occurs with armored vehicles and other large area. This study aimed to understand and to set the erosive processes on a dirt road located in CISM and how specific objectives sought to understand how the area used, the type of material involved and its resistance to the process erosive using for this test of physical characterization and erodibility. The results of this study may contribute to the maintenance of roads CISM. This research began with a literature review on the topic, fieldwork for recognition of the area, for description of erosional features and gathering of samples for be tested through test physical characterization and erodibility. The sampled points of the road were: the Crust, E2, E6 and E7, and the horizons B and C of the borrow pit. The tests of the erodibility were performed with the samples E2 , E7 and Crust and compared to data obtained by Sant Ana, 2012. The road lies over an area of alluvial terrace where if find argisoil. The road crosses a flat-topped hill with NW-SE direction. Were described in place, ridges and ravines related to lack of drainage, the presence of compacted layer (crust) with mud crack, alcoves of the regression, ducts and pot erosion. Geotechnical tests confirm the fragile nature of local soil, reaffirming human action a accelerator of the erosion in the area.